9. Distinctiveness of the offering.
8. Effective use of the interplay between emotion and logic.
5. Use of sound elements to enhance the message.
3. The offer.
2. The opening attention grabber.
1. Benefit orientation.
St. John’s College Course Information Sheet
Course Title: Communications Technology- Broadcast Journalism Course Code: TGJ3MB Credit Value: 1 Department: Technology Prerequisite: none Level: Open Teacher: Mr. S.Dobrowolski Grade: 11
This course enables students to develop knowledge and skills in the areas of graphic communication, printing and publishing, audio and video production, and broadcast journalism. Students will work both independently and as part of a production team to design and produce media products in a project-driven environment. Practical projects may include the making of signs, yearbooks, video and/or audio productions, newscasts, and documentaries. Students will also develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues and explore college and university programs and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields.
How This Course Supports Expectations for the Catholic School Graduate:
The role of Technological Education in the Catholic faith community is to enable students to develop and utilize their gifts and talents while creating products that benefit others in a way that models gospel values. The focus of the curriculum is to enable students to become critical and innovative problem-solvers who question the use of resources and understand the implications of technological innovations. An emphasis on process as well as results ensure that students create products and provide services that recognize God-given responsibility to respect the dignity and values of the individual and the community.
Enduring Understandings. By the end of this course, student will understand that:
• Knowledge of computers and skill in their applications are essential for success in education, work and life
• Design in technology is a systematic process used to initiate and refine ideas, solve problems and maintain systems
• Technological progression is driven by a number of factors including individual creativity, innovation and human wants and needs.
The overall expectations for this course can be found at http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/curriculum/secondary/subjects.html Course Resources and Materials:
The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 & 12, Technological Education. Communication Technology : Today and Tomorrow (Sanders) Photo & Digital Imaging (Klassey) Graphic Communications Today (Ryan,Conover)
Video Communication & Production (Stinson) Exploring Digital Video (Rysinger) Complete Guide to Digital Video& Audio (Cooper) Student News Network- Online resource
Internet Campus- Online resource
Broadcast Journalism(film & dv) Terms
"Action" is called during filming to indicate the start of the current take. See also cut, speed, lock it down.
(Aspect, Academy Ratio) A measure of the relative sizes of the horizontal and vertical components of an image. "Academy Ratio" is 1.33:1, or 4:3.
(Continuity Error) The degree to which a movie is self-consistent. For example, a scene where an actor is wearing a hat when seen from one camera angle and not from another would lack continuity. A person is often employed to check that continuity is maintained since re- shooting embarrassing lapses in continuity can be prohibitively expensive. See also continuity report. In modern times, some continuity errors can be corrected through digital compositing.
Depth Of Field:
(DOF) A measure of the range along a camera's line of site in which objects will be in focus. See also aperture, shutter speed.
(Dir, Helmer) The principal creative artist on a movie set. A director is usually (but not always) the driving artistic source behind the process, and communicates to actors the way that he/she would like a particular scene played. A director's duties might also include casting, script editing, shot selection, shot composition, and editing. Typically, a director has complete artistic control over all aspects of the movie, but it is not uncommon for the director to be bound by agreements with either a producer studio. In some large productions, a director will delegate less important scenes to a second unit.
Director Of Photography:
(DP, DoP) A cinematographer who is ultimately responsible for the process of recording a
scene in the manner desired by the director. The Director of Photography has a number of possible duties: selection of film stock, cameras, and lenses; designing and selecting lighting, directing the gaffer's placement of lighting; shot composition (in consultation with the director); film
developing and film printing.
(Docu) A non-fiction narrative without actors. Typically a documentary is a
journalistic record of an event, person, or place.
(Executive in Charge of Production) A producer who is not involved in any technical aspects of the film making process, but who is still responsible for the overall production. Typically an executive producer handles business and legal issues. See also associate producer, co-producer, line producer.
(Letterboxed, Letterbox) As the aspect ratio of movies are rarely the same as the aspect ratio of a television screen, when showing movies on TV it is necessary to make sacrifices. "Letterboxing" is a video mastering process whereby a film source with an aspect ratio greater than that of the video master (4:3 for NTSC/PAL and 16:9 for HDTV) is transferred to the video master in such a way that no film image is cut off to the left or the right, requiring the addition of (usually) black bars at the top and at the bottom of the image so that it entirely fills the screen.....in other words, the technique of shrinking the image just enough so that its entire width appears on screen, with black areas above and below the image. The advantage of this technique is that the film images are shown as originally intended by the film's creators, not interfering with their shot composition and artistic intentions. The disadvantage is that the entire image must be shrunk, which makes viewing on smaller TVs more difficult. Contrast with pan and scan (for DVD, also anamorphic widescreen).
The computer-assisted editing of a movie without the need to assemble it in linear sequence. The visual equivalent of word processing
The standard for TV/video display in the US and Canada, as set by the National Television Standards Committee, delivers 525 lines of resolution at 60 half-frames per second. See also PAL and SECAM.
(Phase Alternating Line) A standard for tv/video display, dominant in Europe and Australia, which delivers 625 lines of resolution at 50 half-frames per second. See also NTSC and SECAM.
The chief of a movie production in all matters, except the creative efforts of the director. A producer is responsible for raising funding, hiring key personnel, and arranging for distributors. See also associate producer, co-producer, executive producer, line producer.
(Production Date) In the movie industry, this term refers to the phase of movie making during which principal photography occurs. Popularly, however, "production" means the entire movie project. See also pre-production and post-production.
(Postproduction, Post) Work performed on a movie after the end of principal photography. Usually involves editing and visual effects. See also production, pre-production.
(Preproduction, Pre) Arrangements made before the start of filming. This can include script editing, set construction, location scouting, and casting.
A sequence of pictures created by a production illustrator to communicate the desired general visual appearance on camera of a scene or movie
A form of animation in which objects are filmed frame-by-frame and altered slightly in between each frame.
An advertisement for a movie which contains scenes from the film. Historically, these advertisements were attached to the end of a newsreel or supporting-feature, hence the name. Doing this reduced the number of reel changes that a projectionist would have to make.
WHERE IS THE NEWS?
•Where is the news?
•Wire services are worldwide news organizations that feed stories to networks and local stations. They originated with telegraph technology, but currently use satellites and internet delivery systems. The Associated Press is the largest wire service.
•Satellite feeds or “newsfeeds” are soundbites and clips distributed by networks through closed-circuit connections to local affiliate stations.
•Video News Releases (VNRs) consist of free information distributed by interest groups trying to gain attention for their cause.
•You know what this is and how to use it! The most important thing to consider when using internet sources to find or follow up on stories is SOURCING! Make sure you gather your information from reputable websites. We’ll talk more about this in class.
•Newspapers are an excellent starting point for broadcast journalists because (unlike most broadcast media: TV, radio) newspapers focus on journalism to the exclusion of entertainment programming.
•A technique that broadcast journalists often use is “advancing” the story: Following up an a newspaper story with fresh information and/or a local perspective.
•Professional broadcast newsrooms are constantly monitoring police frequencies in search of breaking stories related to crime or catastrophe.
•Beyond crime and catastrophe, however, news radio, can provide a good starting point for a more in-depth investigative report.
•Informants are people you get information from. They can be professional “stringers” (freelance reporters), amateur “tipsters” who call in, or people who are otherwise very close to a developing story (e.g. “deep throat” in the Watergate scandal).
•Gaining informants is critical to good broadcast journalism.
•The Assignment Editor and his/her staff generally serve as the gatekeepers of information of broadcast news. They distribute the assignments and decide what is newsworthy.
•Assignment editors often construct stories based on national or international news. In other words, they seek to provide a local angle on emerging national or global trends.
•Example: How has the housing crisis effected residents of New Jersey? Interview a family that has lost their home or a landlord who has seized the opportunity to buy homes.
NEWS AND DOCUMENTARY PRODUCTION
What is news?
- News is information on any current/significant events
¤ exceptional quality
¤ possible future impact
¤ the number of people involved or affected
¤ human interest
¤ shock value
¤ titillation component
- the local reporter's primary sources
- news services such as the Associated Press
- media outlets, such as newspapers, radio and TV stations
- press releases provided by corporations, agencies, and special interest groups
Fiber Optic, and
Internet (IP) TransmissionIt does little good to have a great news story or program segment if you can't transmit it back to a local station, cable news outlet, or network to broadcast. In this module we will cover a variety of point-to-point video and audio transmission approaches.flyaway units